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Describe the current overall health status of Veterans of the Vietnam War
Identify similarities and differences in the prevalence of health conditions among three main comparison groups:
Vietnam Veterans who served in the Republic of Vietnam (referred to as Vietnam Veterans)
Veterans from the Vietnam Era who served in other parts of the world (referred to as Vietnam Era Veterans)
Similarly-aged members of the U.S. general population without a history of military service (referred to as the U.S. population)
Among Vietnam Veterans with in-country service, identify the current health status of those who served in the waters off of the Republic of Vietnam, known as Blue Water Navy (BWN) Veterans
Assess the occurrence of certain health conditions (ischemic heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus type II, prostate cancer) presumptively connected to service in Vietnam among Vietnam Veterans (including BWN Veterans), era Veterans and the U.S. population
Assess the occurrence of other health conditions of notable concern among Vietnam and other era Veterans, including stroke, dementia, traumatic brain injury, melanoma, pancreatic cancer, brain cancer, bladder cancer, respiratory cancers, and chronic blood borne virus infections (HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C)
Use the findings from this study to inform VA healthcare and benefits policies
Era of Service
Vietnam Veterans, with sub-analysis of BWN Veterans
Vietnam Era Veterans
Vietnam Veterans: 15,000, number of BWN Veterans to be determined
Vietnam Era Veterans: 15,000
U.S. population: 15,000
Vietnam Veterans: recruited from a sample of VA rosters, BWN Veterans recruited using multistage sampling of the Vietnam Veterans
Vietnam Era Veterans: recruited from a sample of VA rosters
U.S. population: recruited from a targeted random sample
History/prevalence of diseases and conditions known or thought to be associated with military service in Vietnam
Data Collection Methods
Two surveys: one short initial survey, one longer in-depth survey (paper, electronic, computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI))