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To document and track the experiences of California women who have served in the US Armed Forces in order to inform policy decisions
To encourage women Veterans to connect to services available through CalVet and other state and federal departments and local organizations
Era of Service
Vietnam Era Gulf War Era Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) Operation New Dawn (OND)
Female Veterans in California
Biennial cross-sectional survey
September 2009 - December 2013
Convenience-based sample of opt-in volunteers. The approach is similar to a snowball sample where a number of initial respondents recruit future participants from among their acquaintances and friends. Outreach to potential participants was done through:
CalVet’s roster of women Veterans and at the 2013 California Women Veterans Leadership Conference
Notices posted on CalVet, Commission, and California State Library (CSL) websites, Facebook/Twitter accounts, and email lists
Information included in several state agency newsletters
Packets of surveys and outreach materials sent to County Veteran Service Offices (CVSOs), providers in HUDs Continuum of Care Program, and VA healthcare facilities
Contact with state legislators who passed on survey materials to their emails lists and posted information on their websites
Outreach to newspapers in California including a letter to the editor of the San Diego Union-Tribune newspaper as part of their Veteran’s Day coverage
Interviews on LA Talk Radio and Capitol Public Radio
Postings on the websites of a variety of Veteran organizations and blogs including Swords to Plowshares
To the extent possible, collaborators then expanded recruitment efforts to groups who appeared to be underrepresented.
Veteran benefits and services
Sexual harassment and sexual assault
Healthcare, childcare, and employment
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Data Collection Methods
The 2013 survey contained 60 questions. The online version was administered through SurveyMonkey and the paper version was made available through a number of outlets and included a postage-paid return envelope.